medical cosmetology

What is medical cosmetology? What are the three main categories?

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What is 醫學美容?

Aesthetic medicine refers to all medicine related to improving appearance. Aesthetic medicine refers to invasive or low-invasive medical treatment performed by professional doctors through medical technology, such as surgery, drugs, medical cosmetology 醫學美容 equipment, biotechnology materials, etc. 

It is a medical beauty practice that uses technology to improve the appearance of the body, supplemented by the purpose of treating diseases, from scar removal, and appearance reconstruction surgery, to hair removal, weight loss, and wrinkle removal for aesthetic reasons. It is commonly known as “medical beauty” in the industry. The Ministry of Health and Welfare considers it a medical cosmetology business performed under the guidance of professional doctors. In 2023, it was renamed ” aesthetic medicine “.

What are the 3 main categories of aesthetic medicine?

  • Category 1: Photoelectric therapy, such as various lasers, pulsed light, radio waves, or ultrasound.
  • Type 2: Injection treatment, such as injection of botox or filler (hyaluronic acid, collagen), etc.
  • Category 3: Cosmetic surgery, such as liposuction, rhinoplasty, hair transplant, double eyelid surgery, eye bag surgery, facelift surgery, bone reduction, orthognathic surgery, etc.

Types 1 and 2 belong to non-invasive or less invasive aesthetic medicine items, which are characterized by short operation time and fast recovery time. Except for laser types, which require anesthesia before treatment, other items are exempt from the anesthesia process, but it does not mean that the implementation is completely risk-free. The third category belongs to highly invasive aesthetic medicine items. Not only does it have a long surgical process and recovery period, but it must be anesthetized before treatment, and the postoperative side effects are also more than those in categories 1 and 2. The risks of surgery are much higher.

The Department of Health promotes the certification of aesthetic medicine institutions and related management of practitioners

Institutional Certification of Aesthetic Medicine:

  1. In order to maintain the quality of aesthetic medicine and ensure the safety of patients, certification will be carried out for medical cosmetology institutions engaged in aesthetic medicine. Considering the long-term hospital evaluation and multiple quality certifications conducted by the “Hospital Evaluation Foundation and medical cosmetology   Quality Promotion Association “, the quality of the processing The certification has sufficient experience, and the association will handle the “Quality Certification of Aesthetic Medicine”.
  2. This certification is voluntary, and the hospital or clinic affiliated with the aesthetic medicine unit must be legally registered and filed for more than two years. In the past two years, no one who has not employed or accommodated unqualified medical cosmetology personnel has performed medical cosmetology services, and the regulations of the central competent authority must not be implemented. 
  1. Records of sanction by the competent health authority for medical beauty practices performed, prohibited drugs, and false, exaggerated, distorted facts, or indecent content in medical advertisements. And the medical policy committee will examine the relevant service process from the customer’s point of view and must meet certain quality requirements, whether the professional ability of doctors meets government regulations, and ensure the safety and professionalism of the medical cosmetology treatment process.
  2. This certification can encourage high-quality cosmetic 醫學美容中心 institutions, and the certification results can provide domestic people with a reference for choosing aesthetic medical cosmetology institutions.
  3. In order to help the public identify 醫學美容 institutions that have passed the certification of aesthetic medicine, those who pass will be awarded the mark, those who apply for low-invasive photoelectric therapy or injection therapy will be awarded the certificate of the green mark, and those who apply for invasive cosmetic surgery will be awarded A certificate with a pink mark, which will record in detail the actual certified aesthetic medical items.

Medical cosmetology (also known as medical cosmetology) is a kind of medical behavior, including surgery, drugs, medical equipment, biomedical materials, and other traumatic, invasive or non-invasive medical techniques, aimed at the appearance, hair, etc. of the human body. Beautify, improve, repair, and regenerate the shape of various parts. 

Medical cosmetology can be mainly divided into invasive medical cosmetology (plastic surgery) and non-invasive cosmetology (micro-cosmetology). Invasive medical cosmetology includes breast augmentation, liposuction, rhinoplasty, eye plastic surgery, and other surgical cosmetology; medical cosmetology includes laser phototherapy, radiotherapy, micro plastic injection, cosmeceuticals, SPA body sculpting, and other non-surgical beauty. 

The overall medical beauty industry, also includes many peripheral industries, such as medical beauty equipment, implantable fillers, medical beauty clinics, SPA body shaping centers, plastic surgery, plastic medical materials, medical beauty care products, and cosmetics, etc. 

Among them, laser equipment is the most common medical beauty equipment, such as toner laser, skin cleansing laser, Fraxel laser, and skin softening laser, etc., followed by phototherapy equipment, such as pulsed light, radio wave instrument, etc. All of the above are used on the face, mainly for the treatment of vascular lesions, pigmented lesions, whitening, scar removal, etc. In addition, there are also instruments suitable for body parts, including instruments for firming skin, sculpting body shape, hair removal, tattoo removal, and wart removal. , such as ruby ​​laser, rubidium-chrome laser, cryolipolysis, laser fat-melting, water jet liposuction, etc. 

medical cosmetology

Common beauty devices and their functions are as follows:

modelSkin Cleansing LaserSkin softening laserToner Lasercarbon dioxide laser
FunctionRemoval of tattoos, tattoos, moles, nevus of Ota, nevus of the cheekbone, freckles, nevus of Baker, cafe-au-lait spots of neurofibromatosis.It removes uneven skin tone, removes cutin, stimulates collagen regeneration, and then regulates skin immune response, stabilizes liver spots, and improves acne.Also known as “Black Doll Laser”, it has an extra layer of toner protection, and the price is higher than ordinary skin cleansing lasers. The principle is to let the medical-grade toner particles enter the capillary pores and use the laser wavelength to evenly remove the old dead skin cells, and at the same time remove the clogged pores.It is a kind of gas laser, which can vaporize tissue and destroy the lesions of epidermal hyperplasia, such as epidermal mother spot, syringoma, polyp, acne scar, etc.
modelRubidium Alchrome Laser3D frequency conversion shuttle laserruby laserpowder laser
FunctionPenetrates from the epidermis to the dermis, improving pits, acne scars, enlarged pores, and firming the skin.cryo-lipolysisEnergy can absorb melanin, making it effective in removing tattoos and dark brown pigments, such as freckles, sunburn, age spots, moles, coffee milk spots, tattoos, eyeliner, birthmarks, cheekbone spots, Ota spots, Mongolian spots, etc.Also known as fiber optic laser, the wavelength released by fiber laser decomposes black on the surface skin, and metabolizes and excretes it through cutin, thereby improving uneven skin tone and removing melanin.
modelpulsed lightCrystal lightRadiotherapyDiamond Micro Engraving
FunctionStimulate the activation of collagen mother cells, reorganize the skin, make it new collagen, rebuild skin texture, improve large pores, tighten skin, and improve uneven skin tone.It is a new generation of improved single smooth pulse mode, which can gently input energy to the skin, which is more comfortable and safer than traditional pulse light. It is mainly used for hair removal and blood vessel treatment.Remove shallow wrinkles, improve moderate or severe mild wrinkles, tighten eye, neck, and hand wrinkles, shrink pores, increase skin elasticity, and restore skin smoothness.Using the diamond micro-carving tube inlaid with fine diamond particles, through the friction method and the vacuum suction strength of the machine, a layer of the epidermis of the skin is lightly ground away to achieve skin renewal and remove superficial aged cutin.
modelWater jet liposuctionLaser Fat DissolvingIt is a non-invasive fat-melting technology, which lowers the fat cells to 4-8 degrees Celsius, freezes the fat to cause cell apoptosis, and the fat cells will be naturally metabolized and excreted within 2-4 months after the course of treatment, without a recovery period.Alexander Laser
FunctionRemoval of tattoos, tattoos, moles, nevus of Ota, nevus of the cheekbone, freckles, nevus of Baker, and cafe-au-lait spots of neurofibromatosis.Insert the 1mm catheter wrapped with laser fiber into the subcutaneous tissue, crush and dissolve the cell membrane in the cells, and then discharge the dissolved fat from the body to reduce the number of fat cells.Fat is peeled off with a fan-shaped water column, and nerves, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels are preserved, reducing pain and swelling, and faster postoperative recovery.It is a hair removal device that mainly uses photothermal therapy to absorb the melanin in the hair follicles to absorb laser light, heat and burn the hair roots, destroy the hair regeneration ability, and then achieve the effect of permanent hair removal.

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