Saudi Arabia

Discovering the Charm of Saudi Arabia’s Small Towns and Villages

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Saudi Arabia is often associated with its vast deserts, modern cities, and rich cultural heritage. While cities like Riyadh and Jeddah attract much attention, the true essence of Saudi Arabia’s charm can be found in its small towns and villages. These places offer a unique blend of history, tradition, and natural beauty, providing a glimpse into the kingdom’s diverse and vibrant culture. Join us on a journey through some of Saudi Arabia’s most enchanting small towns and villages, where history comes alive and traditions are preserved with pride.

1. Al-Ula: A Journey Through Time

Al-Ula, located in the northwestern part of Saudi Arabia, is a town of immense historical and archaeological significance. It is home to the ancient Nabatean city of Hegra (Madain Saleh), a UNESCO World Heritage site often referred to as the sister city of Petra in Jordan. The sandstone tombs and rock-cut architecture of Hegra are awe-inspiring, offering a glimpse into a civilization that thrived over 2,000 years ago.

The old town of Al-Ula, with its labyrinthine streets and mud-brick houses, provides a stark contrast to the ancient ruins. Walking through the narrow alleys, you can feel the history embedded in the walls. The nearby Al-Ula Oasis, with its lush palm groves and ancient irrigation systems, adds to the town’s serene and timeless beauty.

Al-Ula is also becoming a hub for cultural events and festivals. The annual Winter at Tantora Festival features concerts, art installations, and traditional performances, attracting visitors from around the world.


2. Diriyah: The Birthplace of the Saudi State

Diriyah, on the outskirts of Riyadh, is a town of great historical importance. It is the birthplace of the first Saudi state and the ancestral home of the Al Saud family. The town’s At-Turaif district, another UNESCO World Heritage site, showcases the mud-brick architecture and urban planning of the 18th-century Arabian Peninsula.

Visitors can explore the historic ruins, including palaces, mosques, and fortresses, which have been meticulously restored. The Salwa Palace, the former residence of the Saudi royal family, offers insights into the kingdom’s early history. Diriyah’s Al-Bujairi district, with its charming cafes and traditional markets, provides a perfect spot to relax and enjoy the town’s unique ambiance.

3. Abha: The Jewel of the Asir Region

Nestled in the highlands of the Asir region, Abha is a town known for its cool climate, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture. Unlike the arid desert regions of Saudi Arabia, Abha is characterized by green mountains, terraced fields, and a mild climate, making it a popular summer retreat.

The town’s traditional Asiri architecture, with its colorful and intricate designs, is a visual delight. The Asir National Park, with its diverse flora and fauna, offers excellent opportunities for hiking and wildlife watching. The nearby Jabal Sawda, the highest peak in Saudi Arabia, provides breathtaking views and a chance to experience the natural beauty of the region.

Abha is also a cultural hub, with numerous festivals and events celebrating the heritage of the Asir region. The Flower Men Festival, showcasing the unique customs of the local Qahtani tribes, is a must-see.

4. Al-Balad: The Historic Heart of Jeddah

While Jeddah is one of Saudi Arabia’s largest cities, its historic district, Al-Balad, retains the charm of a small town. Founded in the 7th century, Al-Balad is a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its coral-stone buildings, traditional souks, and historic mosques.

Strolling through Al-Balad’s narrow streets, visitors can explore the ancient houses with their wooden latticed windows and intricately carved doors. The Naseef House, a restored merchant’s house, offers a glimpse into Jeddah’s trading history and traditional lifestyle. The bustling souks, with their array of spices, textiles, and handicrafts, provide a sensory feast.

Al-Balad is also home to some of Jeddah’s oldest mosques, including the Al-Shafi’i Mosque, which dates back to the 13th century. The district’s blend of old-world charm and vibrant street life makes it a captivating destination.

5. Al-Hofuf: Oasis of Tranquility

Located in the Eastern Province, Al-Hofuf is part of the Al-Ahsa Oasis, the largest oasis in Saudi Arabia and a UNESCO World Heritage site. The town’s lush palm groves, historic sites, and traditional markets make it a delightful destination.

Al-Hofuf’s Qaisariah Souq, one of the oldest markets in the region, offers a rich shopping experience with its array of spices, textiles, and traditional crafts. The Ibrahim Palace, a historic fortress with Ottoman architectural influences, provides insights into the region’s history and strategic importance.

The nearby Al-Qarah Mountain, with its unique rock formations and caves, offers a fascinating natural attraction. The cool, shaded caves provide respite from the heat and a chance to explore the geological wonders of the area.

6. Al-Qassim: A Taste of Tradition

The Al-Qassim region, known for its agricultural wealth, is dotted with charming villages that offer a taste of traditional Saudi life. Buraydah, the regional capital, is famous for its date production and hosts the annual Date Festival, one of the largest of its kind in the world.

In the nearby village of Uyun Al-Jiwa, visitors can explore traditional mud-brick houses and ancient wells that have sustained the local population for centuries. The region’s rich cultural heritage is celebrated through various festivals and events, showcasing traditional music, dance, and crafts.

Al-Qassim’s culinary offerings are a highlight, with dishes like kabsa (spiced rice with meat) and jareesh (cracked wheat porridge) reflecting the region’s agricultural bounty. The hospitality of the locals adds to the charm, making visitors feel welcome and at home.


7. Al-‘Ula: A Cultural Crossroads

Al-‘Ula, in the northwestern part of Saudi Arabia, is a town of immense historical significance. It was an important crossroads for trade caravans traveling between the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, and the Levant. The ancient city of Hegra (Madain Saleh), a UNESCO World Heritage site, is the highlight, with its stunning rock-cut tombs and monumental structures.

The old town of Al-‘Ula, with its narrow streets and mud-brick houses, offers a glimpse into traditional life. The town’s modern cultural initiatives, including art installations and festivals, blend seamlessly with its ancient heritage.


Saudi Arabia’s small towns and villages are treasure troves of history, culture, and natural beauty. From the ancient ruins of Al-Ula to the cool highlands of Abha, each place offers a unique experience that captures the essence of the kingdom’s rich and diverse heritage. Exploring these hidden gems provides a deeper understanding of Saudi Arabia’s past and present, revealing the warmth and hospitality of its people. Whether you are wandering through historic districts, savoring traditional cuisine, or marveling at stunning landscapes, the charm of Saudi Arabia’s small towns and villages promises an unforgettable journey.

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